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Why my golang docker container exits immediately (code 127)?

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Categories: DevOps

To trim the binary size, I used LDFLAGS='-w -s', pack with upx, then build from scratch. The thing is when starting, it exited immediately with code 127. Why?

My Dockerfile:

1FROM scratch
5COPY build/linux/<binary> .
7ENTRYPOINT [ "/app/<binary>" ]

When starting:

10fbce782a9bd        quantonganh/<binary>:T276-dockerize                              "/app/<binary>"           6 seconds ago       Exited (127) 4 seconds ago                                           relaxed_thompson

and there is no logs at all:

1❯ docker logs 0fbce782a9bd

IIRC, 127 means that “The supplied command cannot be found”, but I’m sure my binary exists, so what’s the problem?

To get into this container, we need /bin/bash, so I switched from scratch to alpine as a temporary:

1FROM alpine:3.10
3RUN apk add --no-cache bash

then I tried to run that binary:

1❯ docker run -it --entrypoint /bin/bash <image> /app/<binary>
2/app/<binary>: /app/<binary>: cannot execute binary file

Why “cannot execute”?

Let’s see what the file type is:

1❯ docker run -it --entrypoint /bin/bash <image> -s
2bash-5.0# apk add file
3bash-5.0# file /app/<binary>
4/app/binary: ELF 64-bit LSB executable, x86-64, version 1 (SYSV), dynamically linked, interpreter /lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2, Go BuildID=9goElUU1Hmb_TUJeOeZr/vWwqHpXL1j9jP4lLwfaC/JmUJczr0kCVHg1u9gMuT/orDzu6T6STfr9G_YODTe, stripped

What? Why “dynamically linked”?

Turned out that I forgot to specify CGO_ENABLED=0 when building, so it was dynamically linked:

1bash-5.0# ldd /app/<binary>
2	/lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2 (0x7f1f8b561000)
3	libpthread.so.0 => /lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2 (0x7f1f8b561000)
4	libc.so.6 => /lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2 (0x7f1f8b561000)

These does not exist, so the container exited with code 127 immediately.

Tags: docker

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